About Satkhira

Satkhira is a district in South-western Bangladesh which is a part of the Khulna Division. Administration Satkhira Sub-division was established in 1861 under Jessore district. It was included into Khulna district in 1882. The sub-division was turned into a district in 1984 as a result of the administrative decentralisation. Satkhira Municipality was formed in 1889.

Satkhira is a district in South-western Bangladesh which is a part of the Khulna Division. Administration Satkhira Sub-division was established in 1861 under Jessore district. It was included into Khulna district in 1882. The sub-division was turned into a district in 1984 as a result of the administrative decentralisation. Satkhira Municipality was formed in 1889.

Geography

Satkhira District has an area of about 3,817 square kilometres (1,474 sq mi). It is bordered to the north by Jessore District, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the east by Khulna District, and to the west by 24 Pargana District of West Bengal, India. The annual average maximum temperature reaches 35.5 °C (95.9 °F); minimum temperature is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The annual rainfall is 1710 mm (67 in).

The main rivers are the Kopotakhi river across Dorgapur union of Assasuni Upazila, Morichap River, Kholpetua River, Betna River, Raimangal River, Hariabhanga river, Ichamati River, Betrabati River and Kalindi-Jamuna River.

Administration

The district consists of two municipalities, seven upazilas, 79 union porishods, 8 thana (police station) and 1436 villages.

The upazilas are:
  • Satkhira Sadar Upazila
  • Assasuni Upazila
  • Debhata Upazila
  • Tala Upazila
  • Kalaroa Upazila
  • Kaliganj Upazila
  • Shyamnagar Upazila
  • Debhata Upazila
  • Kalaroa Upazila
  • The two municipalities are Satkhira and Kalaroa.
  • Chairman of Zila Porishod: Nazrul Islam
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): SM Mustafa Kamal.

Climate

Satkhira District has an area of about 3,817 square kilometres (1,474 sq mi). It iTropical savanna climates have a monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a pronounced dry season, with the driest month having precipitation less than 60mm (2.36 in) of precipitation. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is “Aw” (tropical savanna climate).

Demographics

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Satkhira District had a population of 1,985,959. Males constituted 49.49% of the population and females 50.51%. Muslims formed 81.86% of the population, Hindus 17.70%, Christians 0.31% and others 0.12%. Satkhira District had a literacy rate of 52.07% for the population 7 years and above.

Economy

Most of the peoples of southern part of Satkhira depend on pisciculture, locally called gher. Main fruits are aam (mango), jaam (blackberry), kathal (jackfruit), kola (banana), pepe (papaya), lichoo (litchi), naarikel (coconut) and peyara (guava). Farms are 86 dairies, 322 poultry farms, 3046 fisheries, 3650 shrimp farms, 66 hatcheries and one cattle breeding centre. The main exports are shrimp, paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, leather and jute goods. Contribute 18.5% of Bangladesh economy. Recently, the wide spread crab fattening is contributing heavily in Satkhira’s economy.

Points of interest

Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world, is a World Heritage Site, and covers an area of 5,747 square kilometres (2,219 sq mi). The region is home to many ancient buildings and temples such as Sultanpur Shahi Mosque (500 years old) and Pir-e-Kamel Kari Hafez Sah-Sufi Jonab Hozrat Maolana Azizur Rahman (Rh) was an Muslim Sufi Saint and local ruler Kalimakhali, assasuni upozila in satkhira (now in Bangladesh). Attractions also include the mangrove forest at Kaligonj Upazila. This forest, named Basjharia Joarar Ban, is popularly known as the forest of BADHA. The Joarar Ban is the cause of friction between Bangladesh and Indian border.

Infrastructure

Land ports

India-Bangladesh (Bhomra land port): 200 yard distant BGP camp from main port. The Bhomra land port is second largest land port in Bangladesh. The Bhomra land customs station was inaugurated in 1996.

Transport

Roads and highways are Satkhira-Khulna, Satkhira-Jessore, Satkhira-Assasuni-Ghola, Satkhira-Kaligonj-Shyamnagar. Satkhira-Kaligonj-Shyamnagar is very bad due to conductor’s corruption.

Education

Recently established one medical college, 79 colleges, one primary teachers training institute, 421 high schools, 41 junior high schools, 259 madrassas, 822 government primary schools. Some of the notable educational institutions-

Primary schools

  • Shreerampur govt.primary school
  • • Town Government Primary School at Sultanpur
  • • Chupria Primary School
  • • Palashpole Government Primary School
  • • Rasulpur Boys Government Primary School
  • • Kamalnagar Government Primary School
  • • Taltola Government Primary School
  • • Binerpota Government Primary School
  • • Gopinathpur Government Primary School
  • • Khejurdanga Government Primary School
  • • Munsipara Government Primary School
  • • Rajarbagan Government Primary School
  • •Alipur Government Primary School
  • • Jagonnathpur Government primary school
  • Tujalpur Primary School
  • • Rajnagar Govt. Primary School
  • • Koikhali Primary School
  • • Chawguria Baladanga primary school.(Eh.Rubel)
  • • Baladanga govt. primary school.(Eh.Rubel)
  • • Akhrakhula govt. primary school
  • • Raghunathpur govt.primary school

Secondary schools

  • Bhomra Union Polly Shree High School
  • Satkhira Government High School
  • Rashida Begum High School
  • • Sonar Bangla High School, Chupria
  • • Rasulpur Secondary School
  • • Satkhira Town Girls’ High School
  • • Rishilpi Centre School
  • • Karima Secondary Schools
  • • Nabaruna Girls’ High School
  • • Sundarban Textile Mills High School
  • • Satkhira Kamil Madrasah
  • •Tuzalpur G.C.High School
  • • Balli Md. Mujibur Rahman Secondary School
  • • Balli Ideal Girls School
  • •Khajur Danga R K High School
  • • Baladanga Chawghuria Dakhil Madrasha
  • • Taltola Adarsho Madyamik Bidyaloy
  • • Police Line Secondary School
  • • Satkhira Government Girls’ High School
  • • Satkhira PN School and College
  • • Palasapola Ideal High School
  • • Dhulihara Ideal Secondary School
  • Satkhira Night School
  • • Polli Union High School
  • • Abdul Karim Girls High School
  • • Dhulihara Ideal Secondary School
  • Jhaudanga Secondary School

Colleges

Health

Satkhira Medical College

Satkhira Medical College is a government medical college in Bangladesh, established in 2011. It is located in the south-western city of Satkhira in Khulna Division. It offers a five-year medical education course leading to an MBBS degree. A one-year internship after graduation is compulsory for all graduates.

It offers a five-year medical education course leading to an MBBS degree. A one-year internship after graduation is compulsory for all graduates. The degree is recognized by the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council.

Recently, 500 bedded Medical College Hospital has started on full rhythm with emergency, ICU, CCU facilities. In a short period, This medical college has gotten a fully decorated campus. Area of this Medical College is about 45 acres (highest in khulna Division).

Satkhira Sadar Hospital

At the very out set.I am highly glad to publish this health bulletin of Satkhira Sadar Hospital. This bulletin contains all the health related information of 2015.This bulletin is published to disseminate the information of District hospital to other line department and development partners of health, like WHO, UNICEF, JICA etc. I hope all the information of this bulletin will help for planning and bridging the gaps in health services of this district. Government health office has many data stored in the file. This health bulletin will help us to find constrains and also to see the results and achievements of 2015. The bulleting contains the status of MDG 4 and MDG 5 which will help to localize the MDG targets. I must convey my grateful thanks to my colleague Dr. Md. Kamrul Islam , RMO of this hospital and for his sincere enormous effort to publish such type of a health bulletin. My thanks are also to different ward, emergency in charge and statistician who helps to collect and arrange various important data. I have taken all possible care in the preparation of this bulletin in such a manner that it would meet the requirements of doctors and personnel of other line department. All the sanctioned and vacant posts are published in this bulletin of 2015. In conclusion my grateful thanks and congratulations to the initiator of the health bulletin software for setting us one step ahead toward Digital Bangladesh.

 

Digital Satkhira

In 1994 few young people start computer training center as a business and prepare some talents who later started other computer business and ultimately gives the platform of digital Satkhira. Slowly computer replaces manual type machine in the office, bank and other institutions. School, College starts recruiting Computer teacher to educate new generations. Many more young people start computer business, Manual (letter) printing press switch to offset printing using the computer.

Here is some Pioneer in history: First local daily newspaper published name was “Doinik Satkhira Chitra”.

First Computer Sales & Service Centre was “Mitul Computer Services”

First Computer Training Centre was “Cosmos Computer”

First Offset Printing Press was “Zahan Offset Printing Press”

In 1999 first Computer Association of Satkhira established with 30 members. President was MITUL MD MONIRUZZAMAN and General Secretary was NITYANANDA SARKER with Vice President FAROUQE-UL-ISLAM and SAYED IQBAL BABU.

Computer Association of Satkhira regularly organizes Computer Fair in varieties location for ICT awareness. Some of computer fair was supported by Bangladesh Computer Samity with the presence of Mustafa Jabbar current ICT minister.

Population: 1,843,194. Among them 50.54% are male and 49.46% female.

Ethnic nationals: Mundari (Buno) and Santal.

Religion: 78.08% Muslim, 21.45% Hindu, 0.28% Christian, 0.01% are Buddhist and 0.18% others.

Main occupations: Agriculture 36.9%, agricultural labourer 26.74%, commerce 13.32%, service 4.37%, wage labourer 3.72%, transport 2.46% etc.

Main crops: Paddy, jute, sugarcane, mustard seed, potato, onion and betel leaf.

Main fruits: Mango, black berry, jackfruit, banana, papaya, litchi, coconut and guava.

Famous for: Satkhira is famous for cottage industry like weaving, bamboo and cane work and potteries.

Main exports: Shrimp, paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, leather and jute goods.

Literacy rate: For males is 39.7%, and for females 21%. The literacy movement of this district is named Uddiptya Satkhira.

Mills and factories: Textile mills, rice mill, ice factory, flour mill, oil mill, biscuit factory, fish processing factory, cold storage, saw mill, lathe machine, printing press and welding.

Marks of War of Liberation: There are mass killing sites in places adjacent to Satkhira Government Boy’s High School, Jhaudanga Shahid Siraj Sarani, Binerpota Bridge, Bankal Bridge and Mahmudpur High School, Harinagar and Kathkhali as the symbol of brutality of Pakistani army. mass graves are in Debhata and Kalaroa Bazar . memorial monuments are in Baliadanga, Kalaroa, Gopalpur and Harinagar as the symbol of brave and glorious history of 1971.

Transportation: Main mode of transportation is bus. Waterways and road are ways of transportation.

 

Satkhira Town: Satkhira is a small peacefull municipal town. It became a district headquarter in 1984. It consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas. The area of the town is 27.84 sq km with a population of 86372. Among them male are 51.75%, female 48.25%. Literacy rate among the town people is 49.7%. The main business centre of the town is Sultanpur Bazar (old name Pransayar Bazar).

Places of interest

  • Part of the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest Sundarbans. It is a World Heritage Site.
  • • Sultanpur Shahi Mosque (500 years old)
  • • Joykali Mandir
  • • Puratan Satkhira (300 years old)
  • • Jahajghata Naval Fort (Mautala, 1567)
  • • Shahi Mosque (Banshipur, 1599)
  • • Nagar Fort of Raja Pratapaditya (Kaliganj)
  • • Parabajpur Mosque (Mukundapur)
  • • The Mozaffar Garden
  • • Nabaratna Mandir (Demrail, 1580)
  • • Annapunna Nabaratna Mandir (Satkhira)
  • • Tenga Mosque (Banshipur, 1599)
  • • Sonabaria Nabaratna Mandir (Kalaroa, 1767)
  • • Gopalpur Mandir (terocota decorated)
  • • Nalta Mazar Sharif
  • • Satkhira Stadium